Custom Error Responses

Custom error responses set overrides for HTTP response statuses generated either by Ambassador or upstream services.

They can be configured either on the Ambassador Module or on a Mapping, the schema is identical. See below for more information on rule precedence.

  • on_status_code: HTTP status code to match for this rewrite rule. Only 4xx and 5xx classes are supported.
  • body: Describes the response body contents and format.
    • content_type: A string that sets the content type of the response.
    • text_format: A string whose value will be used as the new response body. Content-Type will default to text/plain if unspecified.
    • json_format: A config object whose keys and values will be serialized as JSON and used as the new response body.
    • text_format_source: Describes a file to be used as the response. If used, filename must be set and the file must exist on the Ambassador pod.
      • filename: A file path on the Ambassador pod that will be used as the new response body.

Only one of text_format, json_format, or text_format_source may be provided.

Custom response bodies are subject to Envoy's AccessLog substitution syntax and variables, see Envoy's documentation for more information.

Simple Response Bodies

Simple responses can be be added quickly for convenience. They are inserted into the manifest as either text or JSON:

apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Module
metadata:
name: ambassador
namespace: ambassador
spec:
config:
error_response_overrides:
- on_status_code: 404
body:
text_format: "File not found"
- on_status_code: 500
body:
json_format:
error: "Application error"
status: "%RESPONSE_CODE%"
cluster: "%UPSTREAM_CLUSTER%"

File Response Bodies

For more complex response bodies a file can be returned as the response. This could be used for a customer friendly HTML document for example. Use text_format_source with a filename set as a path on the Ambassador pod. content_type should be used set the specific file type, such as text/html.

First configure the Ambassador module:

apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Module
metadata:
name: ambassador
namespace: ambassador
spec:
config:
error_response_overrides:
- on_status_code: 404
body:
content_type: "text/html"
text_format_source:
filename: '/ambassador/ambassador-errorpages/404.html'

Then create the config map containing the HTML file:

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
name: ambassador-errorpages
namespace: ambassador
data:
404.html: |
<html>
<h1>File not found</h1>
<p>Uh oh, looks like you found a bad link.</p>
<p>Click <a href="index.html">here</a> to go back home.</p>
</html>

Finally, mount the configmap to the Ambassador pod:

NOTE: The following YAML is in patch format and does not represent the entire deployment spec.

spec:
template:
spec:
containers:
- name: aes
volumeMounts:
- name: ambassador-errorpages
mountPath: /ambassador/errorpages
volumes:
- name: ambassador-errorpages
configMap:
name: ambassador-errorpages

Known Limitations

  • text_formatand text_format_source perform no string escaping on expanded variables. This may break the structural integrity of your response body if, for example, the variable contains HTML data and the response content type is text/html. Be careful when using variables in this way, and consider whether the value may be coming from an untrusted source like request or response headers.
  • The json_format field does not support sourcing from a file. Instead consider using text_format_source with a JSON file and content_type set to application/json.

Rule Precedence

If rules are set on both the Module and on a Mapping, the rule set on the Mapping will take precedence, ignoring any Module rules. This is true even if the rules are for different status codes. For example, consider this configuration:

apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Module
metadata:
name: ambassador
namespace: ambassador
spec:
config:
error_response_overrides:
- on_status_code: 404
body:
text_format: "Global 404"
---
apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Mapping
metadata:
name: ambassador
namespace: ambassador
spec:
config:
prefix: /api/
service: quote
error_response_overrides:
- on_status_code: 429
body:
text_format: "Per-mapping 429"

The Mapping rule will prevent an override on the 404 rule defined on the Module for this Mapping. The rule on the Mapping will cause all rules on the Module to be ignored, regardless of the status codes specified. A seperate Mapping with no override rules defined will follow the 404 rule on the Module.

Disabling Response Overrides

If error response overrides are set on the Module, they can be disabled on individual mappings by setting bypass_error_response_overrides: true on those mappings:

---
apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Mapping
metadata:
name: quote-backend
namespace: ambassador
spec:
prefix: /api/
service: quote
bypass_error_response_overrides: true

This is useful if a portion of the domain serves an API whose errors should not be rewritten, but all other APIs should contain custom errors.

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