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Frequently Asked Questions

General

Why Emissary-ingress?

Kubernetes shifts application architecture for microservices, as well as the development workflow for a full-cycle development. Emissary-ingress is designed for the Kubernetes world with:

  • Sophisticated traffic management capabilities (thanks to its use of Envoy Proxy), such as load balancing, circuit breakers, rate limits, and automatic retries.
  • A declarative, self-service management model built on Kubernetes Custom Resource Definitions, enabling GitOps-style continuous delivery workflows.

We've written about the history of Emissary-ingress, Why Emissary-ingress In Depth, Features and Benefits and about the evolution of API Gateways.

What's the difference between Emissary-ingress and Ambassador Edge Stack?

Emissary-ingress is a CNCF Incubating project and provides the open-source core of Ambassador Edge Stack. Originally we called Emissary-ingress the "Ambassador API Gateway", but as the project evolved, we realized that the functionality we were building had extended far beyond an API Gateway. In particular, the Ambassador Edge Stack is intended to provide all the functionality you need at the edge -- hence, an "edge stack." This includes an API Gateway, ingress controller, load balancer, developer portal, and more.

How is Ambassador Edge Stack licensed?

The core Emissary-ingress is open source under the Apache Software License 2.0. The GitHub repository for the core is https://github.com/emissary-ingress/emissary. Some additional features of the Ambassador Edge Stack (e.g., Single Sign-On) are not open source and available under a proprietary license.

Can I use the add-on features for Ambassador Edge Stack for free?

Yes! The core functionality of the Ambassador Edge Stack is free and has no limits whatsoever. If you wish to use one of our additional, proprietary features such as Single Sign-On, you can get a free community license for up to 5 requests per second by registering your connected Ambassador Edge Stack installation in Ambassador Cloud. Please contact sales if you need more than 5 RPS.

For more details on core unlimited features and premium features, see the editions page.

How does Emissary-ingress use Envoy Proxy?

Emissary-ingress uses Envoy Proxy as its core proxy. Envoy is an open-source, high-performance proxy originally written by Lyft. Envoy is now part of the Cloud Native Computing Foundation.

Is Emissary-ingress production ready?

Yes. Thousands of organizations, large and small, run Emissary-ingress in production. Public users include Chick-Fil-A, ADP, Microsoft, NVidia, and AppDirect, among others.

What is the performance of Emissary-ingress?

There are many dimensions to performance. We published a benchmark of Emissary-ingress performance on Kubernetes. Our internal performance regressions cover many other scenarios; we expect to publish more data in the future.

What's the difference between a service mesh (such as Istio) and Emissary-ingress?

Service meshes focus on routing internal traffic from service to service ("east-west"). Emissary-ingress focuses on traffic into your cluster ("north-south"). While both a service mesh and Emissary-ingress can route L7 traffic, the reality is that these use cases are quite different. Many users will integrate Emissary-ingress with a service mesh. Production customers of Emissary-ingress have integrated with Consul, Istio, and Linkerd2.

Common Configurations

How do I disable the default Admin mappings?

See the Protecting the Diagnostics Interface how-to.

Troubleshooting

How do I get help for Emissary-ingress?

We have an online Slack community with thousands of users. We try to help out as often as possible, although we can't promise a particular response time. If you need a guaranteed SLA, we also have commercial contracts. Contact sales for more information.

What do I do when I get the error no healthy upstream?

This error means that Emissary-ingress could not connect to your backend service. Start by verifying that your backend service is actually available and responding by sending an HTTP response directly to the pod. Then, verify that Emissary-ingress is routing by deploying a test service and seeing if the mapping works. Then, verify that your load balancer is properly routing requests to Emissary-ingress. In general, verifying each network hop between your client and backend service is critical to finding the source of the problem.