Filters are used to extend the Ambassador Edge Stack to modify or intercept a request before sending to your backend service. The most common use case for Filters is authentication, and Ambassador Edge Stack includes a number of built-in filters for this purpose. Ambassador Edge Stack also supports developing custom filters.
Filters are managed using a FilterPolicy resource. The FilterPolicy resource specifies a particular host or URL to match, along with a set of filters to run when an request matches the host/URL.
Ambassador Edge Stack supports the following filter types:
- JWT - validates JSON Web Tokens
- OAuth2 - performs OAuth2 authorization against an identity provider implementing OIDC Discovery.
- Plugin - allows users to write custom Filters in Go that run as part of the Ambassador Edge Stack container
- External - allows users to call out to other services for request processing. This can include both custom services (in any language) or third party services.
Filters are created with the Filter resource type, which contains global arguments to that filter. Which Filter(s) to use for which HTTP requests is then configured in FilterPolicy resources, which may contain path-specific arguments to the filter.
Filters are created as Filter resources. The body of the resource spec depends on the filter type:
---apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2kind: Filtermetadata:name: "string" # required; this is how to refer to the Filter in a FilterPolicynamespace: "string" # optional; default is the usual `kubectl apply` default namespacespec:ambassador_id: # optional; default is ["default"]- "string"ambassador_id: "string" # no need for a list if there's only one valueFILTER_TYPE:GLOBAL_FILTER_ARGUMENTS
FilterPolicy resources specify which filters (if any) to apply to which HTTP requests.
---apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2kind: FilterPolicymetadata:name: "example-filter-policy"namespace: "example-namespace"spec:rules:- host: "glob-string"path: "glob-string"filters: # optional; omit or set to `null` or `` to apply no filters to this request- name: "string" # requirednamespace: "string" # optional; default is the same namespace as the FilterPolicyifRequestHeader: # optional; default to apply this filter to all requests matching the host & pathname: "string" # requirednegate: bool # optional; default is false# It is invalid to specify both "value" and "valueRegex".value: "string" # optional; default is any non-empty stringvalueRegex: "regex-string" # optional; default is any non-empty stringonDeny: "enum-string" # optional; default is "break"onAllow: "enum-string" # optional; default is "continue"arguments: DEPENDS # optional
Rule configuration values include:
|The Host that a given rule should match|
|The URL path that a given rule should match to|
|The name of a given filter to be applied|
* is supported for both
The type of the
arguments property is dependent on which Filter type is being referred to; see the "Path-Specific Arguments" documentation for each Filter type.
When multiple Filters are specified in a rule:
- The filters are gone through in order
- Each filter may either:
- return a direct HTTP response, intended to be sent back to the requesting HTTP client (normally denying the request from being forwarded to the upstream service) OR
- return a modification to make to the HTTP request before sending it to other filters or the upstream service (normally allowing the request to be forwarded to the upstream service with modifications).
- If a filter has an
ifRequestHeadersetting, the filter is skipped unless the request (including any modifications made by earlier filters) has the HTTP header field
nameset to (or not set to if
- a non-empty string if neither
- the exact string
- a string that matches the regular expression
valueRegexis set). This uses [RE2] syntax (always, not obeying [
regex_type] in the Ambassador module) but does not support the
- a non-empty string if neither
onDenyidentifies what to do when the filter returns an "HTTP response":
"break": End processing, and return the response directly to the requesting HTTP client. Later filters are not called. The request is not forwarded to the upstream service.
"continue": Continue processing. The request is passed to the next filter listed; or if at the end of the list, it is forwarded
"continue": Continue processing. The request is passed to the next filter listed; or if at the end of the list, it is forwarded to the upstream service. The HTTP response returned from the filter is discarded.
onAllowidentifies what to do when the filter returns a "modification to the HTTP request":
"break": Apply the modification to the request, then end filter processing, and forward the modified request to the upstream service. Later filters are not called.
"continue": Continue processing. Apply the request modification, then pass the modified request to the next filter listed; or if at the end of the list, forward it to the upstream service.
- Modifications to the request are cumulative; later filters have access to all headers inserted by earlier filters.
In the example below, the
param-filter Filter Plugin is loaded and configured to run on requests to
---apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2kind: Filtermetadata:name: param-filter # This is the name used in FilterPolicynamespace: standalonespec:Plugin:name: param-filter # The plugin's `.so` file's base name---apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2kind: FilterPolicymetadata:name: httpbin-policyspec:rules:# Don't apply any filters to requests for /httpbin/ip- host: "*"path: /httpbin/ipfilters: null# Apply param-filter and auth0 to requests for /httpbin/- host: "*"path: /httpbin/*filters:- name: param-filter- name: auth0# Default to authorizing all requests with auth0- host: "*"path: "*"filters:- name: auth0
In this example, the
foo-keycloak filter is used for requests to
foo.bar.com, while the
example-auth0 filter is used for requests to
example.com. This configuration is useful if you are hosting multiple domains in the same cluster.
apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2kind: FilterPolicymetadata:name: multi-domain-policyspec:rules:- host: foo.bar.compath: "*"filters:- name: foo-keycloak- host: example.compath: "*"filters:- name: example-auth0
The JWT and OAuth2 filters speak to other services over HTTP or HTTPS. If those services are configured to speak HTTPS using a self-signed certificate, attempting to talk to them will result in an error mentioning
ERR x509: certificate signed by unknown authority. You can fix this by installing that self-signed certificate into the AES container by copying the certificate to
/usr/local/share/ca-certificates/ and then running
update-ca-certificates. Note that the
aes image sets
USER 1000 but
update-ca-certificates needs to be run as root.
The following Dockerfile will accomplish this procedure for you. When deploying Ambassador Edge Stack, refer to that custom Docker image rather than to
FROM docker.io/datawire/aes:1.14.1USER rootCOPY ./my-certificate.pem /usr/local/share/ca-certificates/my-certificate.crtRUN update-ca-certificatesUSER 1000