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Convert Configuration to getambassador.io/v3alpha1

Once your Ambassador Edge Stack 3.2.0 installation is running, it is strongly recommended that you convert your existing configuration resources from getambassador.io/v2 to getambassador.io/v3alpha1.

In general, the best way to convert any resource is to start with kubectl get: using kubectl get -o yaml on any getambassador.io/v2 resource will cause Ambassador Edge Stack to translate it to a getambassador.io/v3alpha1 resource. You can then verify that the getambassador.io/v3alpha1 resource looks correct and re-apply it, which will convert the stored copy to getambassador.io/v3alpha1.

As you do the conversion, here are the things to bear in mind:

1. ambassador_id must be an array, not a simple string.

getambassador.io/v2 allowed ambassador_id to be either an array of strings, or a simple string. In getambassador.io/v3alpha1, only the array form is supported: instead of ambassador_id: "foo", use ambassador_id: [ "foo" ]. This applies to all Ambassador Edge Stack resources, and is supported by all versions of Ambassador 1.X.

2. You must have a Listener for each port on which Ambassador Edge Stack should listen.

Listener is mandatory. Defining your own Listener(s) allows you to carefully tailor the set of ports you actually need to use, and exactly which Host resources are matched with them (see below).

3. Listener, Host, and Mapping must be explicit about how they associate.

You need to have Listeners, Hosts, and Mappings correctly associated with each other for Ambassador Edge Stack 2.X configuration.

3.1. Listener and Host are associated through Listener.hostBinding

In a Listener, the hostBinding controls whether a given Host is associated with that Listener, as discussed in the Listener documentation. The recommended setting is using hostBinding.selector to choose only Hosts that have a defined Kubernetes label:

The above example shows a Listener configured to associate only with Hosts that have a my-listener: listener-8080 label.

For migration purposes, it is possible to have a Listener associate with all of the Hosts. This is not recommended for production environments, however, as it can resulting confusing behavior with large numbers of Hosts, and it can also result in larger Envoy configurations that slow reconfiguration.

but this is not recommended in production. Allowing every Host to associate with every Listener can result in confusing behavior with large numbers of Hosts, and it can also result in larger Envoy configurations that slow reconfiguration.

3.2. Host and Mapping are associated through Host.mappingSelector

In Ambassador Edge Stack 1.X, Mappings were nearly always associated with every Host. Since this tends to result in larger Envoy configurations that slow down reconfiguration, Ambassador Edge Stack 2.X inverts this behavior: Host and Mapping will not associate without explicit selection.

To have a Mapping associate with a Host, at least one of the following must hold:

  • Recommended: The Host must define a mappingSelector that matches a label on the Mapping.
  • Alternately, the Mapping must define hostname that matches the hostname of the Host. (Note that the hostname of both Host and AmbasssadorMapping is a DNS glob.)

If the Host defines a mappingSelector and the Mapping also defines a hostname, both must match.

As a migration aid:

  • A Mapping with a hostname of "*" will associate with any Host that has no mappingSelector, and
  • A v3alpha1 Mapping will honor host if hostname is not present.

4. Use Host to terminate TLS

In Ambassador Edge Stack 1.X, simply creating a TLSContext is sufficient to terminate TLS, but in 2.X you must use a Host. The minimal setup to terminate TLS is now something like this:

In the example above, TLS is terminated for host.example.com. A TLSContext is still right way to share data about TLS configuration across Hosts: set both tlsSecret and tlsContext in the Host.

5. Mapping should use hostname if possible

The getambassador.io/v3alpha1 Mapping introduces the new hostname element, which is always a DNS glob. Using hostname instead of host is strongly recommended unless you absolutely require regular expression matching:

  • if host is being used for an exact match, simply rename host to hostname.
  • if host is being used for a regex that effects a prefix or suffix match, rename it to hostname and rewrite the regex into a DNS glob, e.g. host: .*\.example\.com would become hostname: *.example.com.

Additionally, when hostname is used, the Mapping will be associated with a Host only if hostname matches the hostname of the Host. If the Host's selector is also set, both the selector and the hostname must line up.

6. Mapping added headers must not be simple strings

The getambassador.io/v2 Mapping supported strings and dictionaries for add_request_headers and add_response_headers, for example:

In getambassador.io/v2, both X-Add-String and X-Add-Dict will be added with the value bar.

The string form - shown with X-Add-String - is not supported in getambassador.io/v3alpha1. Use the dictionary form instead (which works in both getambassador.io/v2 and getambassador.io/v3alpha1).

7. Mapping headers and query_parameters must not be true

headers and query_parameters in a Mapping control header matches and query-parameter matches. In getambassador.io/v2, they support both strings and dictionaries, and each has a _regex variant. For example:

In this example, the Mapping requires the x-exact-match header to have the value foo, the x-regex-match whose value starts with fo and ends with o. However, x-existence-match requires simply that the x-existence-match header exists.

In getambassador.io/v3alpha1, the true value for an existence match is not supported. Instead, use headers_regex for the same header with value of .*. This is fully supported in 1.k)

query_parameters and query_parameters_regex work exactly like headers and headers_reex.

8. Mapping labels must be converted to new syntax

In getambassador.io/v2, the labels element in a Mapping supported several different types of data. In getambassador.io/v3alpha1, all labels must have the same type, so labels must be converted to the new syntax:

source_cluster{ source_cluster: { key: source_cluster } }
destination_cluster{ destination_cluster: { key: destination_cluster } }
remote_address{ remote_address: { key: remote_address } }
{ my_key: { header: my_hdr } }{ generic_key: { value: my_val } }
{ my_val }{ generic_key: { value: my_val } }
{ my_key: { header: my_hdr } }{ request_headers: { key: my_key, header_name: my_hdr } }

You can check the Rate Limiting Labels documentation for more examples.

9. tls cannot be true in AuthService, Mapping, RateLimitService, and TCPMapping

The tls element in AuthService, Mapping, RateLimitService, and TCPMapping controls TLS origination. In getambassador.io/v2, it may be a string naming a TLSContext to use to determine which client certificate is sent, or the boolean value true to request TLS origination with no cluent certificate being sent.

In getambassador.io/v3alpha1, only the string form is supported. To originate TLS with no client certificate (the semantic of tls: true), omit the tls element and prefix the service with https://. Note that TCPMapping in getambassador.io/v2 does not support the https://prefix.

10. Some Module settings have moved or changed

A few settings have moved from the Module in 2.0. Make sure you review the following settings and move them to their new locations if you are using them in a Module:

  • Configuration for the PROXY protocol is part of the Listener resource in Ambassador Edge Stack 2.0, so the use_proxy_protocol element of the ambassador Module is no longer supported.

  • xff_num_trusted_hops has been removed from the Module, and its functionality has been moved to the l7Depth setting in the Listener resource.

  • It is no longer possible to configure TLS using the tls element of the Module. Its functionality is fully covered by the TLSContext resource.